In the „valley of roses“, on the old road from Bratislava to Trnava, there is a village located that used to be the biggest liege village of nearby Trnava. But it wasn't just wine growing and winery that influenced history and brought fame to this settlement. Not everyone knows that the „last witches“, executed in 1774 in Trnava, had come from this village.Liege village
„Razna“ - this was the name of one out of four liege villages in Trnava in 1352. In 16th century, it was even the biggest one. It paid as much taxes as three villages in all into Trnava's treasury. No wonder, because the village prospered especially from its wine trade. At the beginning of the 19th century it became a lige village of the aristocratic family Brunšvik-Chotek from the nearby Dolná Krupá.
Wine has always been a key part of Ružindol's history. Especially in 17th century, when local vineyards took almost as much as one third of the land area. The wine trade thrived and filled the treasury. However, at the end of the 19th century, an unexpected disaster was unleashed upon the area - an unknown grape plague. The process of recovery was very difficult and lengthy. Two prospering winemakers are clear proofs that the wine tradition has never died out in this area.
The witches from Ružindol
Ružindol has been famous also for executions of local witches. Local residents were always replying very emotionally to ups and downs of wine grape crop or grape wine parasites, because grape was their bread and butter. Therefore the blame was usually attributed to witches. History records tell us that four women were accused of witchery. The trial dragged on for more than two years. Many local residents, including husbands of accused women, were questioned. Finally, after the „divine trial“ - a trial by water, the „careful and wise“ magistrate in Trnava sentenced these four women to death and they were burned at the stake.
Events in Ružindol